Teaching just like every other profession needs individuals with skills and relevant knowledge, it requires one being exposed to education and training in the field of their acquired skills.
Prof. Emperor Kpangban visits Michael and Cecilia Ibru University (MCIU) to discuss Pedagogy with the staff and students. He stated that; Pedagogy is the art of teaching, the science of teaching and the study of teaching methods. Understanding that teachers teach so students can learn is good but most importantly teachers need to understand that every student has a special need.
Teachers are categorized into four groups: the mediocre teacher who tells; the good teacher who explains; the superior teacher who demonstrates; and the great teacher who inspires. Great teachers teach with enthusiasm and present subject topics in the way students are motivated to learn more about the information, through thinking and solving problems.
The pedagogical strategies of teaching are grouped into Instructivism and Constructivism theory. In the Instructivism learning theory, knowledge exists independently of the learner and is transferred to the students by the teacher. As a teacher-centered model, the Instructivism theory is exhibited by the dispensing of information to the students through the lecture format. This theory requires the student to passively accept information and knowledge as presented by the instructor. While this method has been the basis of education for centuries, its needs improvement.
Unlike the Instructivism theory, the constructivism theory the students construct by analyzing new information and comparing it to previous knowledge. It’s also called the students-centered view, the instructor, in this case, provides guidance, rather than instruct. The students determine how they learn, and with the guidance of the teacher develop their own understanding of the subject topic; generate new ideas and using these ideas to determine which of the information acquired is valuable. Building a model, mapping charts, etc. are all examples of constructivism.
Prof. Emperor Kpangban ensured that to be an efficient and effective teacher, one must decide ab initio (from the beginning) what pedagogical strategy one is adopting, when it is decided no effort should be spared in preparing for it, for teaching is like acting on stage, and nobody wants to appear on stage only to be booed on account of poor performance. Notwithstanding which pedagogical strategy picked, teachers in the contemporary world should put in more effort to promote general education, liberal art and encourage creativity, problem-solving, learning to learn, communication, collaboration, information and ICT literacy.